And it´s no wonder, considering that it is one of the most commonly diagnosed malignant tumors in men. What´s more, detecting prostate cancer in its very initial stages is not easy at all as it does not show any pronounced signs. It is usually a slowly progressing and tricky disease that one can notice only when it reaches a more advanced stage. Yet, early diagnosis of the disease is extremely important – it gives men a greater chance of successful treatment. But how can you make sure you don´t underestimate or neglect anything important? The good news is - it´s not a rocket science - simply stick to regular preventive examinations.
Seeing their doctor is nobody´s hobby, especially if it is about such a delicate and intimate issue as the prostate. On the other hand, the prospect of a happy autumn of one´s life spent in good health and peace is worth the sacrifice. The general rule says - once you blow off the 50th candle on your birthday cake, see your GP or urologist for a preventive examination once a year.
The examination also includes a blood test for prostate specific antigen (PSA) levels. PSA is a protein produced by prostatic glandular cells. They secrete a fluid that is part of the ejaculate, but a small amount of it gets into the bloodstream at the same time. The blood test is therefore able to detect it and its increased level is a signal to the doctor that the prostate needs to be examined in more detail. The PSA test, which is a relatively new method, is usually combined with an old and tested palpation examination of the prostate through back passage (per rectum) that gives helpful information about the current size and border of the prostate. If the doctor notices any pathological abnormalities, he will recommend further examinations.
"You are alright." That is the verdict that every man naturally wants to hear. If, however, an expert tells you the diagnosis of prostate cancer, don't let panic and gloomy thoughts of terminal condition overwhelm your mind. The condition is no doubt serious, on the other hand the good news is that it progresses rather slowly and the quality and possibilities of medical science have significantly improved in recent years, so prostate cancer may be treated effectively. However, it is necessary to be aware that early detection helps a lot. Therefore, do not underestimate prevention and if you are 50+, attend regular check-ups. And if the disease has been diagnosed in any of your relatives, start at 40. It is particularly true for prostate cancer that fate favours those who are prepared.